Casinos and the Coushatta Reservation

Karla Y. Phelps, “The Casino, the Coushatta, and the Community: Road to Riches or Road to Ruin?” Touchstone, vol. XIX (2000), 23-38.

This article by Karla Phelps examines the socioeconomic and political impact the Grand Casino Coushatta has had on the Coushatta reservation and the surrounding community in Allen Parish. Phelps discusses the condition of the reservations and Allen Parish before and after the opening of the gambling establishment.

Historically, Allen Parish was an agricultural community, having 357 farms in 1992. Some of the economic problems in Allen Parish were a low per capita income and low sales tax revenues. Their infrastructure was in poor condition and they had no revenues to repair the infrastructure. Allen Parish had unemployment rates of 14.2% in 1994; and the Coushatta had a 50% unemployment rate, according to the 1990 Census. The high unemployment rates necessarily caused welfare dependency among the Coushattas and people in Allen Parish.

This was the state of the Coushatta tribe and Allen Parish when a Nebraska developer negotiated with the Coushattas to open the casino. After the Tribal-State Compact for the Conduct of Class III Gaming was approved by the Coushatta Tribal Council and the State of Louisiana, Grand Casinos purchased land, donated it to the Coushattas, and began lobbying the U. S. Government to place this additional land in trust for the Coushatta tribe. After this was completed, construction began on the Grand Coushatta Casino in 1993. Under the Tribal-State Compact, the Coushatta give the State of Louisiana a percentage of the net profits, which is currently six percent.

The Casino has provided an economic boost to Allen Parish. For example, unemployment dropped from 14.2% in 1994 to 5% in 1998. Also sales tax revenues have increased by 70 percent since the opening of the Grand Casinos Coushatta. Property values surrounding the Casino have increased substantially. The Casino has also drawn more businesses to the area, such as hotels and restaurants. The Casino has spurred population growth in Allen Parish as many people relocate there to take advantage of new job opportunities.

The Coushatta tribe receives 60 percent of the revenue from the Casino, which in the first year of operation in 1995 was estimated at over $20 million a month. Their increasing wealth has allowed the Coushattas to improve their reservation in a variety of ways and invest in other business opportunities, such as a recreational resort, a hotel, and a golf course.

The Coushatta reservation now has a Multi-Purpose Complex, which has a game room, weight room, gymnasium, spa, and many other amenities. The Coushattas also built a Medical Center to provide medical services to the tribal members, and built new housing units and repaired existing ones. The enrolled members of the Coushatta tribe receive a per capita payment from the Casino’s profits for their own benefit; minors’ share of the payments are held in trust until they come of age.

The cooperation between Allen Parish and the Coushatta Tribe in the development of the casino has been beneficial to all parties concerned. Allen Parish is now a popular tourist attraction, which continues to grow in size and population. The casino has also brought economic prosperity and political power to the Coushatta Nation.

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Effective Casino Marketing Makes All The Difference

The gaming industry can really bring prosperity to a community. Creative and consistent casino marketing have really improved the commercial viability and way of life of the American Indian Reservation that I live in. My reservation is one of the oldest reservations that was established in the state, and it also used to be the poorest. Living conditions used to terrible and tribe members have been suffering in poverty until they built the Indian casino on the southern end of our reservation.

During its initial years that casino was just a simple steel building that had a restaurant area, a few blackjack tables and only one hundred slot machines were available. Then the management hired a casino marketing company to improve the business. The company began by creating innovative advertising campaigns for radio, television, and print. They also developed promotions and rewards cards to attract and maintain the customers.

The results of the casino marketing strategy were remarkable, the casino now has several hundred tables for a variety of popular casino card games, thousands of slot machines, four plush restaurants, and a grand hotel with more then 500 beautiful rooms. A conference and event center that host many concerts each year was also added. Because of the success of the casino they have opened another one about 45 miles away. This one is even bigger with more hotel rooms and a golf course. The casino marketing company made the golf, fishing, and gambling packages successful through bold and creative strategies.

The casino business has helped us by creating many jobs in our area. The area has also reaped benefits from increased gasoline, bait and tackle, and shopping sales. By doing thorough research of the other businesses in the area the casino marketing company ensured that the local economy is positively impacted by the casino’s expansion. Apart from the revenue of the local businesses, the living conditions on the reservation have also improved.

The casino marketing company maintained the homes near the casino to make them pleasing to the eyes of the customers. A government center, a clinic and a school were made available to the reservation residents. The future of the tribe members and their descendants are now stable due to the opportunities made possible by the gaming industry.

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Connecticut Casino Expansion Benefits Northeastern Corner Of State

Even as news of the residential market continues to soften, the commercial and retail markets continue to expand. Eastern Connecticut is home to two of the largest casinos in the World. The continued expansion of the casinos and neighboring businesses created a population and economic expansion in the region. From Norwich North up Route 32 and Route 395 major developments have been announced or have already started construction. The area still has a lot of opportunities and potential development sites available which will allow the area to have a robust future expansion.

Casinos contiue to Expand

Areas around the casinos continue to expand. Both casinos have announced and started major expansion plans which will more than double both of their gaming spaces, as well as continued expansion of hotel and entertainment space. Foxwoods Resort Casino is currently constructing an additional 826 hotels rooms, 50,000 square foot ball room, and 4000 seat performing arts center, The Mohegan Sun Casino has announced plans to build an additional 1,000 hotel rooms and 115,000 square feet of retail and restaurant space. Both casinos draw approximately 25 million people to area annually.

Utopia not dead yet

As of this writting there may still be hope for Utopia Studios. Planned for the 400 acre former Norwich Hospital site, across the river from the Mohegan Sun Casino. The $1.6 Billion project consist of a theme park, movie studio and entertainment center. The project would created an estimated 22,000 new jobs and attract an additional ten million visitors to the area annually. Even if the Utopia deals fails, major developers are interested in this property which will continue to support the expansion of the Norwich market.

Nearby in Stonington is Liberty Crossings a 800,000 sqft retail center. Anchored by Lowes Homes Improvement and Target and including a 330,000 pedestrian village. Byron Brook Country club in Occum a $200 million golf community is under construction. The Pequots Tribe Lake of Isle golf course is already open.

Unlike most parts of the State, Northeastern Connecticut still has large parcels of land in close proximity to major commuter routes. Developers have found towns receptive to commercial and residential growth. Residential developments have attracted people to more affordable housing from more costly metro areas in Connecticut, and over the border in Rhode Island and Massachusettes. With easy access to Route 84, 395 and 32 Eastern Connecticut allows homeowners the best of both worlds, affordable rural living, with any easy commute to work. With less than a two hour drive to New York or Boston, and only 45 minutes to Providence and Worcester. The area is well serviced by rail making the area an excellent home for companies requiring efficient distribution systems.

North on Route 32

Route 32 travels North to South in Eastern Connecticut from New London to the Massachusettes border. From Mohegan Sun through Norwich into Franklin Route 32 leads to Windham and Willimantic. This route serves as a major commuter route for local employees, and the tourist route between the casinos and Western Massachusettes. Just over the border from Norwich, Franklin has large parcels of commercial land available along Route 32, with an average daily traffic count approaching 20,000 cars a day the area is a key spot for futute development. In Windham and Willimantic the town continues to grow with excellent demographics, the rebirth of the Main Street and Eastern Connecticut State University. The Windham retail market off Route 6 is home to Home Depot, Sears, Walmart and other national retailers and continues to attract more national retailers.

North on Route 395

Travelling north from the casinos up Route 395 is attracting many national businesses and expanding residential markets. Lisbon Landing has proven to be a very successful retail center. Further North on Route 395 the towns of Plainfield and Sterling are ready for the next growth spurt. Ceruzzi Holdings, developer of the Crossing at Killingly Commons, has purchased the former Plainfield Dog Track. Other new developments up Route 395 in Putnam include a new retail center anchored by Tractor Supply, and the River Front Commons project.

A continued shortage of affordable housing nearby the casinos has sent many homeowners and renters North. With large tracks of land, and supportive towns future development is destined to move to this area. As Eastern Connecticut continues to evolve and grow the future development of Northeastern Connecticut is sure to also benefit.

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Online Casino Jobs – Top Five Jobs

The UK online casino industry is booming and there are more jobs than ever, thanks in part to recent U.S. rulings that outlaw online gambling,. Companies displaced by the new laws in the U.S. are seeking new bases of operation and hiring in record numbers for online casino jobs in customer service, marketing, software and product development and finance and risk management. You can put away your croupier visors – the online casino jobs are far more likely to be in a call center or business office than on the casino floor. Here’s a list of the most wanted online casino jobs, based on the current recruitment adverts around the world.

Customer Service Representative
A company is only as good as its customer service, and nearly every online casino site is hiring customer service reps. Most are looking specifically for those with fluency in multiple languages, since their customers are international. The responsibilities for the customer service reps will often include translation of company documents and dealing directly with customers via telephone or online chat. Obviously, a comfort with the computer and online world is a requirement.

Marketing Managers
One of the hottest online casino jobs is that of marketing manager. Online marketing managers will develop marketing campaigns and often be responsible for overseeing affiliate marketing programs and advertising campaigns. The big players in the online casino game are offering big money to attract forward-thinking, exciting young minds to direct their marketing departments for brand recognition and longevity.

Software Developers
While poker and bingo are the staples of the online betting world, online casinos are working hard to develop new angles and games to attract a larger segment of the population. They’re actively and eagerly recruiting software developers to join inter-disciplinary teams in developing new games with an eye to niche gambling games development.

Network and IT Security
Among the most intriguing of online casino jobs adverts we spotted were those for ‘ethical hackers’. Network and IT security is one of the most important roles in any online casino company, as they deal with large amounts of money. If you fancy poking holes in security designed by some of the best minds in the business – and getting paid for it – then this is the job for you. In addition, online gaming sites are seeking those who can help them protect themselves from such things as DDoS attacks that cripple the site and lose them enormous money. IT tech and security online casino jobs pay well and offer excellent experience.

Accountancy and Audit Online Casino Jobs
Online casino developers and businesses are also seeking accountancy professionals and auditors to help manage operations, develop strategic business plans, manage day to day accounts and assess and manage risk. The opportunities for advancement are high, and salaries and benefits equally attractive.

Web Design and Usability
An online casino needs more than a secure backend to succeed. As in the ‘real’ casino world, it’s what’s up front that brings in the customers. Among the most creative of online casino jobs are web designer positions. Hiring managers are looking for experience and proven skill in Photoshop and Illustrator along with experience in multimedia tools and community building skill

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Entertainment Service Workers Job Description – In the Gaming Business

The entertainment business offers a lot of job opportunities that do not necessary require a college degree yet offer a lot of income potential. Some job positions will require however some degree of skill or talent in performing your functions effectively. Let’s take for example an Entertainment Service Workers job description in the gaming business. The people with this position are better known as Gaming service workers.

Gaming Service Workers are employed mostly in casinos or where gambling is played. Their duties are to assist the customer while they play at the same time ensure that the gaming operations are done appropriately and smoothly. Their job titles will vary depending on their place of employment and the position they are assigned to. Their other responsibilities may include surveillance, supervision and investigation during gaming operations. Some Gaming Service Workers may be working with the games and the patrons as well. Some are responsible for the care of slot machines, handling of money, issuing and running tickets, dealing of cards or running the games.

Casinos and entertainment centers are big businesses that involve a lot of cash circulating. They are daily operations that would need a lot of manpower to oversee the day to day flow of operations. Gaming supervisors are in charge of the gaming operations and are responsible for the personnel assigned in a particular area. They circulate among the gaming patrons to assist them if they have difficulty with the rules and regulations of the establishment. They are also responsible for planning and organizing gaming events for the guests of the hotel or casino. They also handle complaints and service requirements of their guests.

Other positions in the rank and file of the gaming business are Slot key Gaming workers (they handle slot machine operations), sports book writers and runners (they assist in the game operations of bingo and keno) and dealers who operate table games such as craps, roulette and blackjack.

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5 Best Casinos In Southern California

When traveling to California there is always that breath of excitement you take before setting foot on the Golden State, the trill of running around free in the wild wild west. Southern California offers various pleasures to people from all walks of life, this sunshine sees no color and everyone gets love.

In Los Angeles and the surrounding cities you can certainly find something that gets your jollies going, no matter if you are a theme park enthusiast or a strip club connoisseur.

-We got it.

I have a couple friends who love to gamble at casinos across California, so I’ve asked them which are the top 5 best casinos to visit while in Southern California.

Here’s the list of 5 best casinos for your 2017 travel

5. Hawaiian Gardens Casino

Located at 11871 Carson St, Hawaiian Gardens, CA.

Hawaiian Gardens Casino recently underwent a serious $90 million dollar renovation and expansion project and opened earlier this year. The old 59,500-square-foot casino has been remodeled with a modern and very appealing 200,000-square-foot gaming, dining, and entertainment complex.

For the serious poker players or even the amateurs who want to try cashing out on their beginners luck, the Gardens Casino offers a full spectrum of no-limit games, starting at $20 and $40 buy-in no-limit hold’em, ranging up to $500-$1,500. As of the moment, the casino also offers smaller buy-in daily tournaments and the occasional $100,000 and $150,000 guaranteed prize pool events. Worth checking out.

For more info visit their website thegardenscasino dot com.

4. The Bicycle Hotel & Casino

Located at 888 Bicycle Casino Dr. Bell Gardens, CA 90201

The casino here is astonishingly bigger than you would expect, and if you specifically like card games this is the place you want to be in, seriously theres only card games but various types of games.

-Not a slot machine in sight

Also you get free food when you play at the $100-$200 buy in no-limit tables. Food prices at this location are very good either way. The Korean BBQ here is amazing and taste very authentic. There has been in noticeable change in the casino as it has went under recent upgrades in the interior. Overall a very nice spot to get your poker face on. Don’t forget to swoop a drink from the brewery.

3. The Commerce Casino

Located at 6131 East Telegraph Rd, Commerce, CA 90040

The biggest card casino in the world isn’t in Las Vegas. It’s in Los Angeles.

This is by far one of the finest carding casino in the Los Angeles area. Not a bad place to get your experience on the poker tables and get your education up. Arena grills has savory food also.

No-limit tables are:
$40 table- that’s it, not 40-80, 40-140, etc, just $40 max buy in. $60 max rebuy after bust-out.
$100 table – same as above $100 only, $150 max rebuy after bust-out.
$200 table – same as above $200 only, $300 max rebuy after bust-out.
$300-500 table then it goes from there. Minimum bets all around are $5 for blackjack and $10 for baccarat.

It’s a clean casino excellent for a night out with friends. The food is delicious, outstanding service, and a huge parking lot. Lots of tables to play, many different games, the dealers are nice and welcoming. There are other perks that make this joint pretty interesting but the point is if you want to play cards you can never go wrong here at commerce.

2. San Manuel Indian Bingo & Casino

Located at 777 San Manuel Blvd Highland, CA 92346

One of my personal favorites, only because of the vast memories this place has provided. This casino is located in Highland, Ca, a small neighboring city to San Bernardino, CA about 45 minutes east of Los Angeles on the I10 freeway.

This casino is always very alive and vivid, Fridays and Saturdays it gets fairly crowded. I have a few friends employed here which makes every visit very welcoming so I can say San Manuel has friendly employees and no to mention the payout. My last time here I won $400 after I stuck a $100 dollar bill in a slot when I was walking out.

Valet parking is the way to go its only $3. If you’re new to betting on slot machines remember to bet the minimum to avoid losing all your money to fast and maximize potential earning. If this is your first time here then you should sign up for a free players card since you get to spin a wheel which most likely you will get $20 free slot extra credit.

Good luck though finding an open slot machine that you like. There is no cellular signal or reception for your phone in this place but they offer free uncapped WIFI 24/7 for free you can connect to.

I enjoy coming to San Manuel and if you’re in the SoCal area give it a try, you won’t regret it.

1. Pechanga Resort & Casino

Located at 45000 Pechanga Pkwy Temecula, CA 92592

I just want to add a quick important fact:
There’s a few pokestops here. So if you’re looking for Pokemon on Pokemon Go you’re in luck. Not that I play that stuff or anything, wink-wink.

I love how classy the vibe is when you enter through the valet and how all the employees are so amicable, I feel as if this Resort is a second home. When you are here you are family. This is by far one the most immaculate casinos I’ve been to. Why even bother with Vegas when this hidden gem is so close to home. Only about another 45 minute from San Manuel on the 215 south towards San Diego. The food here is exquisite, there is a gorgeous tree surrounded by gorgeous waterfalls. If your not the gambling type their is a dope Spa&Saloon to check out. Everyone gets treated like VIP here. Lots and lots of slot machines. They have poker rooms, high stake limit slots, a live show theatre, buffet and food court.

If you have a chance to check it out on your 2017 travels or trips make sure you do and you will see what I am talking about. It’s worth the 2 hour drive (depending on traffic) if you are coming from Los Angeles.

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Gambling Addiction Can Be Avoided

The important thing that most should remember about addictions to gambling or anything else is that if you don’t start you won’t be caught. Many are so addicted that they steal from workplaces, neighbours, and friends, to feed their craving. Like any drug it is so entwined in their need for excitement or relief from boredom that nothing else matters. It has led many down a path to prison and even suicide.

As an observer of human behaviour from an early age the way people fall into errors of judgment has intrigued me for decades. It seems that their intellect is somehow marred and beyond their control. They are incapable of taking a good hard look at themselves and the effect on their family and others.

The world is a strange but powerful force and when people are led to addictions others grow wealthy. Money is the key and those who run casinos and venues where losses are incurred by gamblers are laughing all the way to the bank.

That should be a wake-up call but instead it would appear that many are bent on self-destruction. It’s like they are challenging themselves to survive where other fail. A slight win will often lead them straight back to the gaming tables and before they know it they are down the inevitable chute to poverty, even homelessness.

How many are now sleeping on the streets of major cities because of such a habit? How many are divorced and away from their children or are now serving time for theft because of it? Surely something should be done by governments to stop this drain and prevent human suffering that occurs as a result.

It doesn’t happen, however, because it is treated as a business by the tax office. Revenue from gambling helps support the economy so what does it matter if a few can’t handle it.

Following my reincarnation and with a strong link to the Spirit it is impossible for me to partake of anything that has to do with luck. For me it is a fanciful dream that only a very few may experience. But even those who win a fortune are often the worse off because of it.

Money is evil and the desire to have more of it is against the Spirit. It is punishing those who pursue wealth and many of the richest are among the unhappiest. The bottom line is that when people turn their attention to the little voice within and follow its lead they will be lead onto a different path that leads away from the danger of gambling.

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The House Edge – A Guaranteed Win for the Casinos

Here’s why it’s important to know the house edge, which is the amount of money the casino expects to win from you over time when you play the games. The bigger the edge, the more they win. The smaller the casino advantage the longer your money may last. You are at risk for a quicker loss on any type of bet within a game that has a house edge of more than 2%.

Here is the house edge, AKA casino advantage, for some of the most popular gambling games in casinos today:

Roulette

There are 38 numbered positions that players can wager on in a number of ways. Betting a single number and winning will net you a payoff of 35 to 1. Therefore the casino makes a 2 unit profit for each win. 2/38 = 5.26% advantage for the house. Your expected loss over time is $5.26 for every $100 wagered. on a single number.

Craps

Type of bet Edge

Pass Line 1.4%

Place 6, 8 1.5%

Any Seven (one roll wager) 14.36%

Baccarat

Bet Bank. 1.06%

Bet Player 1.24%

Bet Tie 14.38%

Basic Blackjack

By far the best table game as long as the player uses correct basic strategy and the house offers favorable rules such as:

Blackjack pays 3 to 2

Dealer stands on soft seventeen

Double after splitting pairs

Double on any 2 cards

Re-split pairs

Surrender allowed

Look for these rules and you’ll enjoy a house edge of about 0.5%.

It’s worth noting that many casinos have switched to hitting soft 17. This increases the edge to 0.7% but it’s still a good game. Be aware of games that pay only 6 to 5 for a player blackjack instead of the customary 3 to 2. Simply put, a 3/2 game nets a player $15 for a $10 bet, whereas a 6/5 game only pays $12. That’s a -$3 loss for every blackjack! Not good. Unfortunately, the Vegas strip is converting to 6/5 games.

Blackjack Variants

Two low edge blackjack variants are:

Spanish 21. 0.7%

Blackjack Switch 0.6%

Carnival Games

Remember the infamous words of the carnival showman P.T. Barnum? ” There’s a sucker born every minute”. A number of games are dubbed carnival games because of a higher house edge than the traditional offerings of blackjack and baccarat. They are:

Texas Holdem Bonus 2.0%

Three Card Poker 2.3%

Ultimate Texas Holdem 2.5%

Four Card Poker 2.8%

Casino War 2.9%

Crazy 4 Poker 3.4%

Let it Ride 3.5%

Mississippi Stud Poker 4.9%

Caribbean Stud Poker 5.2%

Also, be mindful of the optional bonus or side bets at the tables. Most games have them, including those with a low edge.The winning payout amounts look very attractive and players can win even if the original wager is lost to the house. However the house edge jumps to double digits on most of these wagers.

Sports Gambling

When betting on sports games, the house takes a “vig”, slang for vigorish, when bettors make an even money wager. For example, a $10 bet on the Buffalo Bills, vs. the Miami Dolphins will cost $11. Player wins $10, the house keeps $1.

Slot Machines

It seems the everybody loves the penny slots these days. Multi-coin, multi-line with striking themes, graphics and bonus features. Players can wager as little as fifteen cents up to three or four dollars per spin. the edge on the pennies ranges between 10 & 15%! The hold on dollar and higher machines is much lower, ranging from 2 to 5%. If you’re going to bet max on the pennies, you’re better off playing the bucks.

If you like machines study up on video poker. Learn how to read the pay tables that are posted on each machine. There is a skill element to video poker. Choosing the right game can drop the house edge to less than 1%. Good Luck!

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Roulette, the Game of Fortune and Choice of the Players in Casinos

The game of Roulette originated in France and over the years this game became famous across the world. In the Roulette System we need to spin the fortune wheel and throw the dice on a table spinning in the opposite direction to that of the fortune wheel. The roulette table has different colored pockets and the roulette player observes the dice, place a bet and waits for it to lose momentum as it falls in one of the several colored pockets. The player can place a bet on a number or a group of numbers, on a color red or black, or on numbers that are either even or odd. The bets are classified as either inner bets or outer bets. There exist a number of such bets in the standard Roulette Bets page of the roulette website. There are many Roulette Strategies to win the game. However any roulette strategy does not guarantee a win.

How to win at Roulette is the question that pervades the mind of players interested in the game. To them there are some tips that the player should follow. Firstly practice a lot. Remember that practice makes a man perfect and the same is applicable in Roulette too. More you practice Roulette using the different strategies more will be your chances of winning in the game. Secondly while playing roulette always play the European format of the game and always avoid playing the American format. The reason is quite simple. The American roulette has 38 slots, the European roulette has 37 slots. Remember that in European Roulette there are greater chances of a win and less is the odds of the game as compared to its American counterpart.

Roulette is a game that is often favored by luck. However by adopting the strategies of the game and playing the game according to the rules you can always increase your chances of winning. Another aspect of the game is that always play the game in those casinos where they are famous and branded. Always look for low odds and high payouts while playing. Almost all casinos offer payout bonuses but it is always advisable to avoid payout bonuses while you play the game. If you want to win at roulette or if you at least want to make your chances of win at roulette large then always choose outside bets while picking the winning number in roulette.

However some important strategies that you can adopt while playing roulette are the Pivot roulette strategy. Remember that this is a game of luck and adoption of a strategy or a group of strategies only increases the chances of a win.

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Dealer Bluff Six Card Poker – A Poker Table Game Where the Dealer May Try to Bluff You, Sort of

Dealer Bluff Six Card Poker is a poker variant table game which is distinctive. The dealer makes the first move and players react to what he or she does. Be aware that the dealer could occasionally bluff, but if you have poker tell expertise that won’t help because an electronic card reader that’s programmed to operate randomly, makes all the decisions to bluff, or not to bluff.

How to Play

Players must first make equal ante and blind bets. The dealer gives six cards face down to each and to him or herself. The dealer bets first, with the option to bet 1X, 2X, or 3X the player’s ante. The electronic card reader will then announce the dealer’s wager amount. Typically the dealer bets more with a strong hand and less with a weak hand, but keep in mind that the dealer will occasionally bluff. The objective is to beat the dealer with a better five card poker hand.

After the dealer bets, players have the option to fold (lose the ante and blind wagers) or call (make a play wager equal to the dealer’s), or raise (double the dealer’s bet). the cards are then turned face up to determine the winner(s).

Results

If the dealer has less than a pair, the ante wager is a push. All other bets receive action. If the dealer wins, the player’s ante, play, and blind bets lose. If the player wins, the ante and play bets pay even money. The blind bet pays according to the following table:

Hand Payout

Royal Flush – 500/1

Straight Flush – 50/1

Four of a Kind – 15/1

Full House – 4/1

Flush – 3 /1

Straight – 1.5/1

3/Kind – 1/1

All Other – Push

A tie between the dealer and the player is a push.

Optional Wagers

Aces Up – This optional bet pays the following even if the player loses the hand to the dealer:

Hand Payout

Royal Flush – 200/1

Straight Flush – 50/1

Four of a Kind – 30/1

Full House – 8/1

Flush – 7/1

Straight – 6/1

Three of a Kind – 4/1

Two Pair – 2/1

Pair of Aces – 1/1

Two Way Bad Beat – This option pays the following if the dealer or player has a pair of aces or better and loses. No matter who wins the hand, the player s always a winner if a bad beat occurs, unless there is a tie:

Hand Payout

Straight Flush – 10,000/1

Four of a Kind – 5,000/1

Full House – 500/1

Flush – 200/1

Straight – 100/1

Three of a Kind – 35/1

Two Pair – 10/1

Pair of Aces – 9/1

House Edge and Strategy

The house edge for the initial hand is about 1.7%, optional Aces Up and Bad Beat wagers are about 6.2% and 10.6% respectively.

The recommended strategy from the experts is: If the dealer wagers 1X – fold with a K-J-8 or less, raise with a pair of 3′s or better, call on all other hands. If the dealer raises 2X – fold with a pair of 6′s or lower, raise with a pair of 10′s or better, call on all other hands. If the dealer raises 3X – fold with a pair of 9′s or less, raise with a pair of Kings or better, call on all other hands.

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